About 20 kilometres south of Qufu city is Zoucheng, the birthplace of Mencius. Four famous sites commemorate the philosopher - the Temple of Mencius, the Mencius Family Mansion and the Mencius Forest. The tomb of Zhu Tan, the Ming King of Lu, sits at the north of Zoucheng.
Lu Kingdom flourished in the Spring and Autumn period of the Zhou Dynasty. The square complex included ten major roads running through the city, while a south-north road served as the axis. In the centre of the city, the palace stands, bordered by formidable walls.
The unique pyramidal tomb is the burial place of Shao Hao, one of the five legendary emperors who ruled China 4,000 years ago.
Dating back to the Song Dynasty, the Mausoleum was made with large blocks of stones, similar to its Egyptian counterparts. On the tomb stands a small temple, while city walls, halls and archways surround the Mausoleum.
Classical concerts and dances are staged nightly. They are worth a watch for performance Confucius life, their authentic Spring, Autumn and Warring States styles.