Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum is located in the Purple Mountain Scenic Area in the eastern suburb of Nanjing, and covers an area of 80,000 square metres. Dr. Sun Yat-sen is known as the father of the Republic of China, and his tomb is considered a sacred site. Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) led the Chinese democratic revolution that brought down the corrupt rule of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), ending 2000 years of feudal monarchy in China. This site is important for its deep historical significance, magnificent architecture and beautiful scenery.
Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Mingxiaoling Mausoleum is the tomb of the Ming Dynasty’s first emperor, Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-1398), and his queen. The tomb, which was built between 1391 and1393, sits on Dulongbu Hill below the western (Wanzhu) peak of Purple Mountain. Zhu Yuanzhang himself chose its location and structure, with a winding tomb passage that reflects the area’s topography.
Xuanwu Lake is part of the Zhongshan Scenic Area, in a key national park. It is a popular tourist attraction covering 502 hectares. There are five peaceful islands on the lake, connected by bridges and causeways. At Xuanwu Lake, visitors can admire the natural scenery, which includes impressive mountain, lake, city and forest views.
Fu Zi Miao (Confucius Temple)
The Fu Zi Miao was originally built in 1034, during the Song Dynasty. It was a place to worship and consecrate Confucius, the great ancient Chinese philosopher and teacher. The temple has suffered repeated damage and has been rebuilt several times over the centuries.
Today, visitors will find shops, snack bars, restaurants and tea cafés in the area around the site, which are designed in the architectural style of the Ming and Qing dynasties. This area is open to the public for free.
Qinhuai River was the cradle of culture in ancient Nanjing, when the city was known as Jinling. Nanjing’s “mother river” is sometimes known as “five-kilometre Qinhuai”. Along the banks, visitors can enjoy gardens, temples and a glimpse of local daily life, customs and habits.
Presidential Palace / China Modern History Museum
The Presidential Palace was once the office of the viceroy of Liang Jiang and is now the China Modern History Museum. It housed the Office of the President of the Republic of China from 1927 to 1949, when the republic shifted to Taiwan. The museum is now one of the few places on the mainland where the flag of the Republic of China is publicly displayed.