Ramoche Temple is a Buddhist monastery covering a total area of 4,000 square metres (almost one acre). It is considered the most important temple in Lhasa after Jokhang Monastery.
The Sera complex is divided into two sections by pathways. The eastern part contains the Tsokchen (Great Assembly Hall) and the Homdong Kangtsang (dwelling units), while the western part houses the three colleges of the Sera Je Tratsang, the Sera Me Tratsang and the Ngkapa Tratsang of Gelug (Lama Tsongkhapa) traditions. These were founded by Tsongkhapa as monastic universities that catered to monks from the ages of 8 to 70. The monastery belongs to the Gelukpa Order and is one of the largest in Lhasa.
Drepung Monastery, at the foot of Mount Gephel, is one of the Great Three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. The other two are Ganden and Sera. Drepung is the largest of all Tibetan monasteries and is located on the Gambo Utse mountain, five kilometres west of Lhasa.
Tsubu Monastery is the traditional seat of the Karmapa lamas in Gurum town, 70km from Lhasa. The monastery is about 4,300 metres above sea level. It was built in the middle of the Dowo Lung valley, on the north side of the river, with high mountains surrounding the 300 square-metre complex. The original walls of the main building were up to four metres thick. The monks' residences were on the eastern side.
Ganden Monastery or Ganden Namgyeling is one of the Great Three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet, located on top of Wangbur Mountain, Tagtse County, at an altitude of 4,300 metres. Ganden means "joyful" and is the Tibetan name for Tuṣita, the heaven where the bodhisattva Maitreya is believed to reside. Namgyal Ling means "victorious temple".
The Samye Monastery or Samye Gompa was the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet, most likely built between 775 and 779 CE under the patronage of King Trisong Detsen. The monarch sought to revitalize Buddhism, which had declined since King Songtsen Gampo introduced it to Tibet in the 7th century. The monastery is in Dranang, Shannan Prefecture. Its design is supposedly modeled on Odantapuri monastery in Bihar, India. The 18th-century Puning Temple of Chengde, Hebei Province, was modeled after Samye Gompa.